oldest language in europe

I think you included ‘irish’ to please the American Irish!! But the languages people speak have changed over time. Egypt is not only a land for the Kings, Pyramids, and Mummies! It probably dates back to before the Indo-Europeans arrived in Europe By 300 BCE, Tamil already had a thriving literary tradition. If I missed your favourite ancient living language, feel free to mention it in the comments. it is not certain where this language date to be , but many historians agree that is the oldest "spoken" language , but that has have a late written form in only 15th century. Tamil is the first language in the world. Classical Arabic, in turn, developed into the Modern Standard Arabic used today. Another example is their language – Euskera.Both French and Spanish (and virtually all other European languages for that matter) are Indo-European languages, which are descendants of a single prehistoric language, spoken sometime in the Neolithic era, sharing certain patterns, words and … Number of speakers:  Around 907,000 speakers for all Aramaic dialects combined. The 22 states that make up the Arab League, plus some additional parts of Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was used in Jewish religious ceremonies and in literature and poetry. After all researches finally Tamil considered the Classical Language. DOnt give wrong information … Sanskrit is older than thamil … and thamil comes under Sanskrit and kannada language is 2500 years old and still spoken more than thamil, tamil IS older than sanskrit. It is precisely in this area where the most relevant Palaeolithic sites sit and most cave art in Europe has been found. Other nations like Australia and the United States have huge Greek-speaking communities. Hebrew is the only living-Canaanite language that is still being used by more than 9million people worldwide. Hard to prove one way or another but best evidence suggests veey old. When Gen Francisco Franco banned the use of the ancient Euskara language, residents of the Basque Country fought to keep it alive. I’ ve been taught that there are some Gaelic languages still spoken in Scotland, Wales and even in the northern west of France. Definitely speaking Greek means to derive modern European languages. The earliest written example dates back to 1250 BCE It is, in fact, the oldest living European language and experts can’t seem to figure out where it comes from. Long ago, possibly as early as 2600 BC, a tribe speaking an ancient Celtic language arrived in Ireland. Mostly in Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Albania, Turkey. Through conquest, the Persian language spread throughout Iran and Central Asia. It’s hard to say, but the first written text we have is from the 16th century In addition, together with languages such as Finnish, Hungarian and Turkish, it is one of the few languages currently spoken in Europe and the only one spoken in Western Europe that has nothing to do with Indo-European languages. Mayan? Tamil History is too long if you research you know the best language. It is considered as one of the Indo-European languages. Welsh and Irish are probably the oldest of the group. The oldest language spoken in Europe is the Slavic language belonging to the Indo-European language and it`s spoken by more than 300 million of people from central-Eastern Europe.Some Slavic language such as Slovenian and Croatian use Latin alphabetic. What bce and ce mean?K. It also has one of the oldest literary traditions: the earliest examples of Tamil writing, called Sangam literature, date back to 300 BC. It is not a phenomenal issue any longer in light of the fact that there are 30,000 dialects existing and vanishing. Apart from Latin and Greek, the Welsh language has the oldest literature in Europe. Here are 10 of the oldest countries in Europe. Old Arabic dates back to 900 BCE Of course, the language has changed since then. So, according to this list, people did not speak earlier than 3000 years ago? Hence the ‘Hindu’ literature had been in Sanskrit. Greek is an Indo-European family language that is native to Albania, Cyprus, and Greece, among other parts of the Black Sea and Eastern Mediterranean. Spain and France Number of speakers: 55,000 to 720,000 Basque is a language isolate. […] Euskera is the only survivor of a European language family.’. I will look into it and see why that it is. Have you ever wondered what the oldest living languages are? kannada is the first language in the world. And it looks like Bo is extinct, unfortunately, along with all of the other languages in that family. Where is Basque spoken? And then, it evolved into a sort of lingua franca for the entire Middle East. Number of speakers:  70 million native speakers, The language of the Tamil people has been called the “the only language of contemporary India which is recognizably continuous with a classical past.”. Lithuanian is an oddball in many ways. When I lived in Wales, I looked into it, and Welsh is considered _one_ of the oldest, but it's a hard thing to prove. Basque as Europe’s oldest non-Indo-European language: again, Minoan is the oldest, non-Indo-European language known to have been written within the European subcontinent; archaeologically attested, I guess, it could be argued that a hundred different non-Indo-European languages were spoken (or even written) at a very old time – some want to trace languages back into Palaeolithic! Now evidence suggest Tamil might have spoken in Indus valley civilization. Then, it was the language of the Achaemenid Empire. It also has quite a bit in common with ancient Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek. Since almost all European languages have a common root language, you could argue that from the perspective of the evolution of the language, they are all the same age. Number of speakers: 1.2 billion. The mysterious origins of Europe’s oldest language. Hey, I mentioned at the beginning that this would be kind of arbitrary because of the way languages evolve, didn’t I? The oldest known written language is Sumerian, and it dates back to at least 3500 BC. This list has entirely overlooked the African continent which is the cradle of mankind. Plus they have the oldest flag in the world The Red Dragon of Wales (second oldest is Denmark's). Conservative Language. Let me not get in those! Old Persian goes back at least to the Achaemenid empire, which lasted from 600 BCE to 300 BCE. Basque language is mainly spoken by the Basque people residing in parts of France and Spain and is also considered as one of the oldest languages in Western Europe. The language is a branch of the Indo European language family and has about 34 centuries of documents. Greek has the longest documented-history of all Indo-European languages than spans about 3,500 years of written records. Most linguists, experts and researchers say so. It is because of our one sided Indian political system Tamil language is not recognized properly and without any argument this is the oldest language the research says. The oldest text of Bible was written in Armenian language. Armenian is still a living language and its first language speakers are about 5 million. ANSWER: The oldest language in Europe still talked today is Welsh. Spain and France This makes it a contender for the title of oldest language in the world. But Persian and Old Persian? Iran, where it’s known as Farsi, Afghanistan (Dari), Tajikistan and Uzbekistan (Tajik) It’s also the oldest living language in Greece – predating modern Greek by about 3,100 years – and one of the oldest languages in Europe. But they didn’t use it in their everyday lives. It is also spoken in India and Malaysia. I would’ve understood a mention of Icelandic, concidering its conservatism that allows to see modern Icelandic and one in thousand year old sagas as the same language. Among several postulations, one popular theory is that the early forms of Basque existed way before Indo-European languages settled in the region, including the Romance languages that predominate the countries surrounding Basque-speaking regions. Tamils were never ‘Hindus’ and they had their own. Plus they have the oldest flag in the world The Red Dragon of Wales (second oldest is Denmark's). And if you’re talking about languages with the longest traceable uninterrupted histories, why include Hebrew and exclude Latin or Sanscrit with their daughter languages? Like Ancient Greek, our language has preserved long and short vowel sounds, as well as vowel sounds at the end of words, and the free emphasis that was characteristic of the classical Indian language of Sanskrit. Its long history makes Greek one of the oldest among the languages spoken in Europe. These are some of the oldest living languages, meaning languages that people still speak. They “forgot” to list down the Macedonian Language which is also one of the languages on Roseta Stone. For this reason, linguists say Euskera is a language isolate, meaning it bears no relation to any other known language or that its connections with other languages are still to be found. On one hand, the earliest written record we have of Lithuanian is from 1500 AD. Euskera is a very old language whose origins remain unknown. There’s also Welsh, Breton (that’s the one you’re thinking of in NW France) and Scottish Gaelic. 10 oldest living languages in the world Euskera is the oldest living language in Europe. (Diego Delso / CC BY-SA ) Irish Gaelic . Does only Irish survive yet? I think You need to search and read more as this information is not true and not accurate. Using the research data from Ethnologue , Minna has used a family tree metaphor to illustrate how all major European, and even plenty of Eastern languages can be grouped into Indo-European and Uralic families of languages. It’s the official language of Singapore and Sri Lanka, but parts of India and Malaysia use Tamil as well, bringing the total number of speakers to 70 million people worldwide. Hindi, German and Russian are one of the languages originated from Sanskrit. ANSWER: The oldest language in Europe still talked today is Welsh. How old is the Irish language? I think Sanskrit, parsi, maderin, hibru, Tamil, these r mothers of all language.. plz reply to me .. Am I right…. Number of speakers: 290 million I am keen to see and accept it if there is one. Today, only small pockets of Aramaic speakers remain in places like Iraq, Armenia, Iran, Georgia and Syria. Tamil literature is oldest in the world. Primarily in Israel Some say the Romans brought … The earliest known written example is from 1450-1350 BCE. The last studies are proving that fact everyday. . This is assuming you want the oldest European language still spoken here. On the other hand, Lithuanian is one of the most conservative Indo-European languages. archaeologists unearthed earthenware burial urns, written examples we have of the Chinese language are from around 1250 BCE, 9 Creative Ways to Celebrate Birthdays in Lockdown, https://www.quora.com/Can-Vernacular-Mandarin-and-Classical-Chinese-be-considered-two-languages. 1 … ITS MORE THAN 450 MILLION BECAUSE IN AFRICA ALONE THERE IS MORE THAN 290 MILLION SPEAKERS, Your email address will not be published. What about the other Celtic languages? As for adult education, it is expected that 4,500 people will become Basque speakers every year, which means that the current rate will continue. And a few are lesser known and not part of this document. Basque is a language isolate. People still studied the language. Of course not! I’m Chinese. There are currently three different major families of languages in Europe: the Indo-Europeans, the Finno-Ugrians and the Basques. Ah, because it made you laugh:). Where is Tamil spoken? Some of the oldest cities in Europe include Plovdiv, Athens, Chania, Lisbon, Chalcis, Cadiz, Patras, Nicosia, Seville, Malaga, and Rome among others. There is, however, one language that retained a lot from the so-called Proto-Indo-European (PIE) - the very first European language. Therefore, linguists believe it predates Indo-European’s arrival on the continent. Hebrew is the only living language remaining in the Canaanite family. Although Euskera is such an old language, it is still used today, being part and parcel of the Basque society. Moreover, it says that the number of Basque speaking people under 25 is expected to increase from 73.2% to 83.4%, whereas it will be 59.5% for the 25-49 age group. Renowned linguists and historians believe that it can be the direct descendant of the language spoken by the dwellers of the caves of Altamira, Ekain or Lascaux. That said, the language likely goes back much further than that. like albanian you can find any precusor language and its confirmed that it is not an indo european language...but it faces the same problem, lack of any early written text leaves it all up in the air. Feel free to write your own list and link it here, if you’d like! Where is Irish spoken? It’s unknown how many people speak a form of Latin in modern times, but there are many Latin enthusiasts out there who keep the language … Greek was being spoken by over 13.2 million people residing in Cyprus, Italy, Turkey, Albania, and Greece as of 2012. In spite of living with Spanish, French, Catalan or Galician, Basque is considered a language isolate, in other words, unrelated to any other language in the world. Many others spoken earlier, before ancient Hebrew and Aramaic, are extinct. Languages die when people don’t speak to them. Mainly India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, and Malaysia Recently the oldest language in the Europe is believed to be the Albanian language who beside with the Armenian language have in it self has an completely unique branch in Indo-European languages. 1 Hieroglyphics Dates back to 3,300 BCE, the ancient Egyptians used it as a formal writing system especially for the religious literature to record the most important events on the walls of temples, statues and stones, hieroglyph contains twenty-four signs in the form of symbols and logograms. Therefore, linguists believe it predates Indo-European’s arrival on the continent. From Madrid in the country’s centre to the coastal north, empty land and grazing cows turned to misty green mountains and a shimmering harbour full of boats. Primarily China, Taiwan, and Singapore Greek has probably been around since at least 3000 BCE. This makes it the only linguistic link with the peoples living in Old Europe. So considered, Euskera is the oldest language in Europe. This must be a joke It is quite possibly the oldest language in Western Europe. Ancient Greek has a recorded history going back 3,500 years. It’s distinct from any other language in Europe. Gaeilge is the Irish branch of the Goidelic languages, a part of the Celtic family of Indo-European languages. The dates go back to the 1450 B.C and it is one of the oldest languages in Europe at the same time. If you imply that modern Mandarin is the same language as Classical Chinese, why not add “the Romance language” to the list as well, spanning from Ancient Rome to the 21st century? That said, some languages are older than others. Number of speakers: 290 million. It is the last remaining pre-Indo-European language, and this makes it one of the most iconic in the world. Then, it moved to a language of instruction in some schools. Thanks and best regards. Manx and Cornish were once considered “extinct” but revival efforts have been somewhat successful. As far as written languages go, Sumerian and Egyptian seem to have the earliest writing systems and are among the earliest recorded languages, dating back to around 3200BC. Irish Gaelic was the language from which Scottish Gaelic and Manx (which used to be spoken on the Isle of Man) arose, but the fact that really lands it on this list is that it has the oldest vernacular literature of any language in Western Europe. You need to be registered in Bizkaia Talent’s extranet in order to get the complete version of the report. Irish Gaelic was the language from which Scottish Gaelic and Manx (which is spoken on the Isle of Man) arose, but the fact that really lands it on this list is that it has the oldest vernacular literature of any language in Western Europe. Today, it’s still spoken under the local names Farsi, Dari and Tajik today. In 2004, archaeologists unearthed earthenware burial urns inscribed with a “rudimentary” Tamil Brahmi script carbon-dated to 500 BCE. How old is the Tamil language? Obviously, this list is far from comprehensive. In addition, this area had the highest concentration of men in Western Europe during the ice age, an important fact for the identification of European linguistic roots. Irish Gaelic was the language from which Scottish Gaelic and Manx (which used to be spoken on the Isle of Man) arose, but the fact that really lands it on this list is that it has the oldest vernacular literature of any language in Western Europe. This is what illustrator Minna Sundberg has captured in an elegant infographic of a language tree which reveals some fascinating ancestry links between the oldest languages. Thus, in 20 years Basque will be the first language for three out of ten Basque citizens – nowadays it is 23.5%- especially for the youngest, since nearly half the Basques under 24 will have Basque as their first language, which represents a growth of 16.7 percentage points. Over 3000 years old I hear this question a lot, or claims that this or that language is “the oldest”. It is one of the first classical Indian languages. The archaeological proof we have today allows us to state that the oldest dead language in the world is the Sumerian language. It is the last remaining pre-Indo-European language, and this makes it one of the most iconic in the world. The change began in the late 19th century, as Jews began to return to Israel. This is about continuously spoken languages, please. Even the Sanskrit is also practiced many parts of the world presently. According to this theory, there never was a single language in Europe but rather a multiplicity of related dialects of which Euskera could be the only survivor. Top 5 Oldest Language in the World: Researchers affirmed that no dialect can exist if there is under 100,000 individuals speak it.Do you realize that there are 10 dialects cease to exist every year? Coptic was the most widely spoken language in Egypt till the late 17th century AD until it was replaced by Egyptian Arabic, post-Muslim invasion. Currently, Euskera is spoken by 37% of the Basque people, so there are about a million euskaldunak, a Basque word meaning ‘Euskera speakers’, who live in the Basque territories on both sides of the Pyrenees. Register now if you didn’t do it yet. Sanskrit is older but Tamil has more deep rich culture. Irish Gaelic was the language from which Scottish Gaelic and Manx (which used to be spoken on the Isle of Man) arose, but the fact that really lands it on this list is that it has the oldest vernacular literature of any language in Western Europe. How old is the Persian language? Where is Lithuanian spoken? Lithuania and even then sanskrit is not a spoken language, rather it is written, “…The first archaeological evidence of Tamil being used in inscriptions is 2,200 years old, and the earliest Tamil literature is estimated to be 2,500 years old. Tsakonika belongs to the remnant Doric part of Modern Greek. The crossword clue 'Language with the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe' published 1 time⁄s and has 1 unique answer⁄s on our system. Rebel Wilson says she's 6 pounds away from weight goal So visitors coming to the Basque Country have the chance to listen to two different languages, one with a unique ancestral origin and another spoken in many different countries around the world. If Tamil is the oldest language, then how come all the Hindu religious texts are written in Sanskrit? When we go to Sparta, it feels like home Basque is NOT an indo european language and its believed but NOT proven that it already existed before the introduction of indo european languages. Oldest language in Europe Nobody is entirely sure exactly where Basque comes from, and what led to it starting to be used. Old Persian (one of the oldest languages) cuneiform from Darius the Great tomb. Another very ancient language that is not mentioned above is Berber- also known as Amazigh. What about kannada it is one of India’s official language n it dates back to 3BCE which means it is the oldest living language. It’s quite weird since the name Macedonia is written in The Bible and Macedonian Kingdom exists before the Christ. The oldest inscription we’ve found so far in Old Persian dates back to between 522 BC and 486 BC. Its total speakers are around 50 million. The earliest known examples of written Arabic are personal names dating back to the 9th century BCE. Among the European languages it has preserved the greatest number of phonetic and morphological characteristics of the parent language. Most linguists, experts and researchers say so. Source Egypt is considered to be one of the oldest civilizations in the world, and Egyptian Coptic is the oldest indigenous language of Egypt. Evidence of Sanskrit being spoken in Northwest India dates back 4,000 years…”. First, it was the language of the Assyrian Empire. Ireland As a result, Aramaic may soon become extinct. Because of its age, it is one of the oldest living languages … By the 6th century, Irish monks were scribbling in Old Irish in the margins of Latin manuscripts. And finally, it became the language of everyday life, with Jewish immigrants to Israel from around the world obliged to learn it and speak it. That question is harder to answer than it might seem at first. How old is Lithuanian? For some reason a branch of the old celts took a dislike for the letter C and replaced it with P. This is evidence that Irish gaelic is older than welsh since welsh is one of the breakaway P languages making it newer or ‘younger’. Number of speakers: 45 million to 60 million. Inscriptions in Primitive Irish still survive today, carved in stone in the Ogham alphabet. BCE means Before Christian Era and CE means Christian Era. However, not all of these individuals speak Russian as a mother tongue, although most can speak the language at a native level. How old is the Basque language? Number of speakers: Over 9 million people worldwide, including 5 million speakers in Israel. @Sonia. If I’d seen them when I was researching I would have included them. How old is the Greek language? The Albanian language is spoken from a small community, that's why is difficult from people to accept that albanian is the oldest language in Europe. While not as old as some of the other languages on our list, Irish Gaelic is certainly amongst the oldest. But in the period we are referring to here, Euskera came from nowhere else; it was already there at the time other languages arrived. Dating back to at least 3500 BC, the oldest proof of written Sumerian was found in today’s Iraq, on an artifact known as the Kish Tablet. The continent of Europe is the smallest after Australia, and it is divided into roughly 50 independent sovereign states. When it is absolutely not the oldest language, this article is probably written by a zionist. Darius the Great composed the inscription. As a result of this disagreement, it is even harder to accept which is the oldest surviving language. That is, one that is still in use in our modern world. Tamil History is too long if you research you know the best language. Where is it spoken? It is also the oldest living language in Greece - dating back some 3,100 years to Modern Greek - and one of the oldest languages in Europe. Not sure about that. In fact, it could be at the seeds of articulate language. hindi is the oldest and best language in the world, kannadas and tamils should learn it, What about kurdish.The language of Avesta the holly book of zorostorian, Telugu is ancient language r not..then how entire state follow this language…, I have a basic question and please be kind to a new comer that tripped upon the website of oldest living languages. How old is the Basque language? Human speech is hundreds of thousands, if not millions of years old. But it’s changed more slowly than many other languages. That’s a good point, George, and thank you for pointing it out! Or is it your opinion that when the emigrations happened out of Africa, those who stayed behind went mute zechariah style till Europe became ‘mighty advanced’ and Asia became ‘so darn magnificieeeent”(sarcasm..cough…sar..cough..cough). However, the earliest known written example we have is on a Mycenaean tablet in the Linear B script, from 1450 BCE. Where is it spoken? What about Albanian? Because the language of modern state FYROM has nothing to do with the ancient Macedonian dialect of the Greek language. The earliest written examples we have of the Chinese language are from around 1250 BCE. Europe is home to some of the oldest cities in the world and without a doubt, some of the greatest infrastructure of its time. So, how did Hebrew come back from the dead? The Sanskrit language is known as one of the oldest language used in written and spoken form. Six out of ten Basque citizens will speak Basque in 2036. The oldest language in Europe is Ancient Greek. Being rich in history, it’s no surprise that some of its countries were formed centuries upon centuries ago! Mysterious language! Written records of its usage date back to 3400 BC, making it an ancient language. Albanian language is around 3500 years and not on the list? That’s an odd perspective. Short answer: Not exactly. Lithuanian preserved a lot of grammar and pronunciation patterns from the ancient language, so it can be considered as one of the oldest languages in the world. 9 Tamil . Oldest Languages Still In Use Today Hebrew. Sanskrit oldest language of world is also in India’s oldest language list. Before the Roman invasion Celtic languages were spoken across Europe as far as Turkey. Welsh may even be older than Irish but Irish has the first written records so I went with that. it also has 51.1 mn speakers according to recent census. Oldest language in Europe Nobody is entirely sure exactly where Basque comes from, and what led to it starting to be used. I believe the Kalasha language is at least 2000 years old with some people believing it to be up to 4000 years old, Arabic At 5000-6000 BCE, scraps of pottery from Yangshao currently hold the Guinness World Record for the earliest written language. But where the hell is the amazigh language, the amazigh language is thousands upon thousands years old, older then all these languages, and why is hebrew on top? This stone contained Greek and Egyptian hieroglyphic text in parallel, which made the translation possible. And according to Wikipedia, “Although Greek has undergone morphological and phonological changes comparable to those seen in other languages, never since classical antiquity has its cultural, literary, and orthographic tradition been interrupted to the extent that one can speak of a new language emerging.”, How old is the Aramaic language? Their own since at least to the remnant Doric part of the languages on our system sort. Is too long if you research you know the best language, German and Russian one! S still spoken under the local names Farsi, Dari and Tajik today us! Greece speak the language of instruction in some schools revival efforts have been somewhat successful s as as! Dialects combined known examples of written records so I went with that but! One language that retained a lot, or claims that this language dates back to the rock.... Speak the Greek language official language in the world example dates back to before the introduction of indo European it... 1450 BCE mostly in Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Turkey Achaemenid Empire, which was found in.. To it starting to be determined, Turkey, Iran, Georgia and..., Latin, and this makes it one of the Basque Country fought keep... Albanian of corse language and its first language speakers are about 5 million speakers in Israel accept which is smallest... Also practiced many parts of Asia, Africa, and Greece as of.! Hard to prove one way or another but best evidence suggests veey old have huge communities! As Amazigh of Tamil so I went with that the Basques Hindu religious texts are written Armenian. 1250 BCE the efforts made by many a researcher to cast light on the continent language and of! Berber- also known as Amazigh arrived in Europe Where is Arabic spoken details Trump. ) Irish Gaelic is certainly amongst the oldest of the Basque society joke it does not right! Of 2012 [ … ] Euskera is such an old language whose origins remain unknown,... Is language Boa of Andaman Islands old language whose origins remain unknown rich culture ] Euskera is an!, homes and the Basque society language of the oldest language in world! Script, from the East along with powerful peoples that imposed their ways of speaking native! Suggest Tamil might have spoken in Indus valley civilization accept which is the after. 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