florida history articles

See the full list of the 50 states and their borders here. It offers free online access to transcribed Florida history documents. We don’t see traveling circuses, carnivals, and “freak shows” around much these days, but there was a time when they were the most popular form of entertainment in the United States. Admission is $10 for adults, $9 for seniors, $5 for children and students, children under 6 are free. CC0 . The Spaniards saw this group as a threat to their sea-lane from Havana to Spain. Hernando de Soto came in 1539, landing somewhere between Fort Myers and Tampa, and led another disastrous expedition, this time through western Florida. South Florida Sun-Sentinel Articles group 1 Get $10 OFF 'Looking Back II: Broward and Palm Beach Counties' -Shop Now Don't Miss This: 20% OFF the New Yankees History Book -Shop Now The so-called “thirteen original colonies” that would lead to the creation of the United States exclude the fourteenth and fifteenth colonies of East Florida and West Florida. Today, well over 10 percent of Florida’s population is Hispanic, giving the state a great mix of cultural identity. Even outside of Little Havana, it’s hard not to notice the ethnic diversity in South Florida. Women first organized and collectively fought for … They epitomize the hyper-relaxed atmosphere that pervades over most of the state, with the exception of Miami. 1817 - The First Seminole War occurs. 1835 - The Second Seminole War begins. An expedition commanded by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés massacred most of the French colonists in 1565 after founding St. Augustine (San Augustín) nearby. Shifting alliances among the three powers reflected the vicissitudes of European politics, and St. Augustine and the English ports of Savannah and Charleston to the north of Florida were besieged at various times throughout the first half of the 18th century. Florida Time shares history lessons, personal memories and more about the state of Florida. Juan Ponce de León ventured to the peninsula in 1513 and 1521. Florida official who refused to falsify Covid data sues raid police. It was admitted as the 27th state in 1845. Hernando de Soto in Florida, 16th-century engraving by Theodor de Bry. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The strong Latino and Cuban populations are on full display. Since then, Florida has been primarily about fantastical theme parks, space launches, beach holidays, and fun in the sun. Ball at Mar-a-Lago attended by mask-less conservative personalities. Florida's Historic Attractions Athanor features student papers from the annual Art History Graduate Symposium hosted by the Department of Art History at Florida State University. It was the First Seminole War (1817–18), however, that marked the beginning of armed conflict between Native Americans in Florida and the U.S. government. Around the same time, the 1960’s Space Race centered itself at Cape Canaveral, adding a different economic boost and prestige. Entrepreneurs built railroad lines in a bid to lure holiday-makers and in 1888, President Grover even visited. Florida attained statehood on March 3, 1845, becoming the 27 th state to join the union. It features research/scholarly articles, poetry, fiction, photography, and other digital arts. World War I. Woodrow Wilson. From dizzying nights out in South Beach and Little Havana, to the art and fashion on parade in the Design District, Miami is the pulse of Florida. England received Florida in return for Havana in 1763 and replaced its military government with civilian officials. In 1819, Spain ceded all land to America to settle their debt. Today, well over 10 percent of Florida’s population is Hispanic, giving the state a great mix of cultural identity. Three decades of political and social instability followed Florida’s return to Spain after the war, with U.S. expansionist interests in constant conflict with the Spanish presence. 1783 - The Spanish regain Florida as part of the Treaty of Paris. Within a year, and while still no closer to Mexico than northern Florida, the force was reduced to 15 survivors. Florida's discovery by explorer Juan Ponce De Leon is celebrated up and down the state's east coast, from St. Augustine, America's oldest city, to Melbourne Beach, where he first landed. The first people to enter the Florida peninsula around 12,000 years ago were not explorers, adventurers, or settlers,but nomads following the big game animals upon which their survival depended. The state was settled by Spaniards looking for gold in the 16th century, but had already had a long Native American heritage stretching back millennia before this point. The newspaper articles premiered in January 2014. Expenditures for economic development brought prosperity as well as loyalty from most Floridians during the American Revolution, when the area was used as a base for attacks on colonial coastal cities. The importance of Florida in early American history is often overlooked. Florida History, State Library and Archives of Florida/Public Domain. Let us explore more about its history, geography, culture, people, economy and more. Adding these articles to the internet is a work in process. Inaugurated in 1981, the Art History Graduate Symposium brings together students, professors, and members of the community to share ideas and expertise in a wide variety of art history and humanities topics. Native American resistance was finally suppressed, however, and within about a decade most of the Seminole had been transferred to Oklahoma. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Because he landed on the peninsula during the Easter season (Spanish: Pascua Florida [“Season of Flowers”]) and because of the vegetation he found there, Ponce de León named the area Florida. Florida History Day; For Students; Suggested Topics; Suggested Topics 2020–21 Suggested Topics. Welcome to Florida Time, a weekly column about Florida history: from the Fountain of Youth and Walt Disney to the Miami Riots, the extent of Jim … The railroads opened the floodgates to visitors from across the US. Of this group, four Spaniards—including Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and Estebán, a Moorish slave who was the first black man known to have entered Florida—reached Culiacán, Mexico, in 1536. By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. In 1845 Florida became the 27th state in the US, with a population of about 90,000 people. There were roughly 5,000 Seminole in Florida when Gen. Andrew Jackson captured Pensacola in 1818. The Hispanic element provides much of the excitement in Florida, in sharp contrast to the state’s geriatric constituency. The following articles were written by Dr. Howard. During the Civil War, Florida was quick to secede to the Confederacy, but saw little fighting. Growth of Florida's Railroads; Spanish-American War for Cuba's Independence; Florida's Land Boom; Great Depression and the New Deal; Florida During World War II; Cape Canaveral: Launchpad to the Stars; Civil Rights Movement in Florida; Supplemental Florida Reading Passages. Enjoy what's here and please check back later when illustrations have been included for each of these articles. Florida Articles Resorts - The Pampered Vacation Resorts do indeed present the opportunity for a pampered vacation, and though resorts certainly cost more than conventional lodging, those who are willing to spend a little extra will no doubt experience an unforgettable holiday. Today the state is home to millions and has a diverse economy based on tourism, agriculture, and technology industries. to the present. The history of Florida can be traced to when the first Native Americans began to inhabit the peninsula as early as 14,000 years ago. But in Miami, another essential cultural element is at work. Guiding ships through the treacherous waters of the Caribbean, the historic lighthouse on the port of Key West operated from 1847 until 1979. Although the first evidence of farming dates from about 500 bce, some southern groups remained hunters, fishers, and gatherers until their extinction. The state’s capital is Tallahassee. Stock Market Crash of 1929. Florida was admitted as the 27th state on March 3, 1845. US politics. A good resource about Florida government and history can be seen here. The Spanish subsequently ceded Florida to the United States in a treaty that was ratified in 1821, and in 1832 the Seminole were made to accept a treaty that called for their removal to Oklahoma. News about Florida, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times. More than 100 Native American tribes, such as the Seminoles and Apalachee, lived around Florida when the first Spaniards arrived on its shores in 1513. The lighthouse is open daily from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. A brief history and bibliography of Florida from the Stone Age to the Space Age. Florida History Timeline Important Dates, Events, and Milestones in Florida History. If you don't have an account yet, make one here. The settlement was abandoned in 1561, following its destruction by a hurricane. We explore the relevance of Florida history to contemporary society and promote awareness of heritage and culture tourism options in the state. Florida History Online is an educational website intended as a resource for teachers and scholars, students at all grade levels, and the general public. Florida History Articles. The reading passages are written at the upper elementary student's instructional reading level, so they are also appropriate as independent reading passages for secondary students. The examples below offer a starting point for brainstorming about topics related to this year’s National History Day theme, "Communication in History." Florida history will be placed in the wider context of American and Atlantic World history. In September 1897 The Florida Times-Union and the Florida Citizen consolidated to form The Florida Times-Union and Citizen. There were roughly 5,000 Seminole in Florida when Gen. Andrew Jackson captured Pensacola in 1818. Florida sided with the British during the American Revolution, but the Spanish returned in 1781 and took back West and East Florida. Famous explorer Juan Ponce de Leon was first on the scene, chasing tales of legendary El Dorado gold and eternal youth. Ancient Native American peoples entered Florida from the north as early as 12,000 years ago. Florida is the most populous of the southeastern states and the second most populous Southern state after Texas. WWI. Dust Bowl. From their base at Pensacola, the British employed (or otherwise persuaded) Native Americans to harass U.S. settlements during the War of 1812. The capital is Tallahassee, located in the northwestern panhandle. The name Seminole evolved from cimarrón (Spanish: “wild, unruly, runaway”). Nearly 20 years elapsed before Tristán de Luna y Arellano attempted to set up a Spanish colony at Pensacola Bay. Florida’s first theme parks arrived in the 1930s with Cyprus Gardens, but it wasn’t until 1971, when Walt Disney chose central Florida for his dream, that this state was truly revitalized. Its two bordering states are Georgia and Alabama. A primer on the history of Florida from 10,000 B.C. Battle of the Somme. Florida declared its secession from the Union on January 10, 1861, and was one of the seven original Confederate States. He was mortally wounded near there in 1521 by the indigenous Calusa and died later the same year in Havana, Cuba. The Muskogee, accompanied by a few runaway black slaves and renegade white settlers, ultimately migrated into the Florida area from Georgia and Alabama, where they were collectively called Cimarrones. Florida Then and Now consists of over 70 readings, questions, teacher notes, reading strategies, and activity sheets for Florida history. Indigenous peoples continued to arrive from the north in small numbers after 500 bce, establishing contacts with Cuba, the Bahamas, and, possibly, the Yucatán region of Mexico. In 1564 a group of French Protestants (Huguenots) who originally had been led by Jean Ribault established Fort Caroline on the banks of the River of May (St. Johns River), near modern Jacksonville. Florida's economic bubble burst in 1926, when money and credit ran out, and banks and investors abruptly stopped trusting the "paper" millionaires. The allure of Disney, Universal, and the other theme parks in Orlando can’t be dismissed because they contribute a true mark of fantasy to Florida’s culture. Under the impression that Florida was one of the islands in the Bahamas archipelago, he initially made no attempt to found a settlement and did not appear to have ventured much north of present-day West Palm Beach. World War II and Post-War Boom World War II spurred economic development in Florida. by Frank D. Howard, Ph.D. and his family. Florida has 67 counties. The Spanish subsequently ceded Florida to the United States in a treaty that was ratified in 1821, and in 1832 the Seminole were made to accept a treaty that called for their removal to Oklahoma. Exhibits at the Museum of Florida History explore more than 12,000 years of Florida history. For the 250 years following the establishment of St. Augustine, Florida was little more than a wilderness in terms of any permanent European settlement. It's created for Florida natives, Florida transplants and even vacationers who simply love history. They kicked the Spanish out in 1763 and divided the territory into two parts. 1821 - The Territory of Florida is established. According to the Ocala Star-Banner , … When Seminole leader Osceola and a group of his followers refused to give up their land, a series of violent conflicts erupted that came to be known by the white community as the Second Seminole War (1835–42). JFS is an outgrowth of the Center for Interdisciplinary Writing and Research (CIWR) at Daytona State College in Daytona Beach, Florida. Troops stationed at Tampa Bay, Florida, during the Second Seminole War. Youth Archaeological Park in St. Augustine is a work in process to their! Symposium hosted by the Department of Art history Graduate Symposium hosted by the indigenous Calusa and died later the time... Great mix of cultural identity kicked the Spanish, French, and while still no closer to Mexico northern... 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