corinthian war who fought

There, he was put on trial for his life for failing to arrive and support Lysander at the designated time. The war started because Sparta had gotten all the spoil and credit for conquering Athens, which upset Sparta’s allies. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states, Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos, who were initially backed by Persia. [27] With the assistance of the rowers of the fleet, and the workers paid for by the Persian money, the construction was soon completed.[28]. HellenicaSource: Plutarch. Upon his arrival Conon erected a large part of the wall, giving his own crews for the work, paying the wages of carpenters and masons, and meeting whatever other expense was necessary. 264 BCE to 241 BCE. According to the terms of this peace treaty: In a general peace conference at Sparta, the Spartans, with their authority enhanced by the threat of Persian intervention, secured the acquiescence of all the major states of Greece to these terms. The anti-Spartan allies then attempted to invest Lechaeum, but the Spartans launched an attack and drove them off. Struthas pursued an anti-Spartan policy, prompting the Spartans to order their commander in the region, Thibron, to attack him. 205 BCE to 200 BCE. After a brief engagement between Thebes and Phocis, in which Thebes was victorious, the allies gathered a large army at Corinth. As … [27], From 393 BC, Pharnabazus II and Conon sailed with their fleet to the Aegean island of Melos and established a base there. Rome, Carthage against Greece. [36], At Corinth, the democratic party continued to hold the city proper, while the exiles and their Spartan supporters held Lechaeum, from where they raided the Corinthian countryside. The Corinthian War was an ancient Greek conflict lasting from 395 BC until 387 BC, pitting Sparta against a coalition of four allied states; Thebes, Athens, Corinth, and Argos; which were initially backed by Persia. After initial difficulties in coming to grips with the Acarnanians, who kept to the mountains and avoided engaging him directly, Agesilaus was eventually able to draw them into a pitched battle, in which the Acarnanians were routed and lost a number of men. Why the Corinthian War Was Fought”¦ Yona Williams July 31, 2009. Corinthian War. The next major action of the war took place at sea, where both the Persians and the Spartans had assembled large fleets during Agesilaus's campaign in Asia. Agesilaus returned home shortly after these events, but Iphicrates continued to campaign around Corinth, recapturing many of the strong points which the Spartans had previously taken, although he was unable to retake Lechaeum. The city decided not to harbor the defeated Athenian troops, but instead sent heralds to the Spartans. It appears that the Persians, unnerved by certain of Athens' actions, including supporting king Evagoras of Cyprus and Akoris of Egypt, both of whom were at war with Persia, had decided that their policy of weakening Sparta by supporting its enemies was no longer useful. Once there, he won over several major states to the Athenian side and placed a duty on ships sailing past Byzantium, restoring a source of revenue that the Athenians had relied on in the late Peloponnesian War. [9] Despite the absence of these states, Agesilaus campaigned effectively against the Persians in Lydia, advancing as far inland as Sardis. The forces met at the dry bed of the Nemea River, in Corinthian territory, where the Spartans won a decisive victory. [30] A second peace conference was held at Sparta in the same year, but the proposals made there were again rejected by the allies, both because of the implications of the autonomy principle and because the Athenians were outraged that the terms proposed would have involved abandoning the Ionian Greeks to Persia. The Corinthian War (395-386 BC) saw the Spartans, with eventual Persian aid, defeat an alliance of Thebes, Corinth, Argos and Athens and apparently remain the dominant power on mainland Greece. [57], The agreement eventually produced was commonly known as the King's Peace, reflecting the Persian influence the treaty showed. [52] After escaping from the blockade at Abydos, Antalcidas attacked and defeated a small Athenian force, then united his fleet with a supporting fleet sent from Syracuse. [24] The Persians, meanwhile, had already assembled a joint Phoenician, Cilician, and Cypriot fleet, under the joint command of Achaemenid satrap Pharnabazus II and the experienced Athenian admiral Conon who was in self-exile and in the service of the Achaemenids after his infamous defeat at the Battle of Aegospotami. [31] He was recalled to the Achaemenid Empire in 393 BC, and replaced by satrap Tiribazus. [45] Following the failure of the peace conferences of 392 BC, the Spartans sent a small fleet, under the commander Ecdicus, to the Aegean with orders to assist oligarchs exiled from Rhodes. Google Analytics. On land, the Spartans achieved several early successes in major battles, but were unable to capitalize on their advantage, and the fighting soon became stalemated. The coalition army lost 2,800 men, while the Spartans and their allies lost only 1,100.[22]. Pausanias, arriving a day later, took back the bodies of the Spartan dead under a truce, and returned to Sparta. Année: 1979. [33] Although Conon quickly escaped, he died soon afterward. It is said he wryly observed, but for ten thousand Persian "archers", he would have vanquished all Asia. In this article, you will learn the reason why the Corinthian War broke out in the first place. The Corinthian War was the product of a century of fighting between Greek city-states. The deeper cause was hostility towards Sparta, provoked by that city's "expansionism in Asia Minor, central and northern Greece and even the west". Corinthian War (395 BC–86 BC), armed conflict between Corinth, Argos, Thebes, and Athens on one side and Sparta on the other. By the middle of the 4th century, they had assembled an organization of Aegean states commonly known as the Second Athenian League, regaining at least parts of what they had lost with their defeat in 404 BC. This treaty declared that Persia would control all of Ionia, and proclaimed that all other Greek cities would be "autonomous" (αὐτονόμους), in effect prohibiting Greek cities from forming leagues, alliances or coalitions. He attempted to force these into submission by ravaging the surrounding territory, but this proved fruitless, leading him to leave Conon in charge of winning over the cities in the Hellespont. The passive opposition was declining to send soldiers to help Sparta on campaign and refusing to do as asked by Sparta. [27], Pharnabazus II, leaving part of his fleet in Cythera, then went to Corinth, where he gave Sparta's rivals funds to further threaten the Lacedaemonians. As often happened in hoplite battles, the right flank of each army was victorious, with the Spartans defeating the Athenians while the Thebans, Argives, and Corinthians defeated the various Peloponnesians opposite them; the Spartans then attacked and killed a number of Argives, Corinthians, and Thebans as these troops returned from pursuing the defeated Peloponnesians.

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