cleopatra selene of syria

Timeline of significant events in the life of Cleopatra, Egyptian queen famous in history and drama for her relationships with two leaders of ancient Rome, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Let the children of kings in turn hold from their fathers a strong rule over both lands.”[16], When they arrived in Mauretania, they found ruling to be a hard task. 5. [14] These buildings included a lighthouse in the style of Pharos of Alexandria in the harbour, a royal palace situated in the seafront, and numerous temples dedicated to Roman and Egyptian deities. Because she saw her beautiful namesake, Selene, He was sent to be raised in Caesar's household; on Caesar's death in 44 BC custody passed to Octavian, the future Augustus. Cleopatra Selene, originally known only as Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra III and Ptolemy VIII. [6] They were members of an extended family that included their half-brother Iullus Antonius (their father's son with his late wife Fulvia), their half-sisters, both called Antonia (daughters of their father with Octavia), and Octavia's older children from a previous marriage, Marcus Claudius Marcellus and his two sisters called Marcella. Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; summer 40 BC – c. 5 BC; the numeration is modern) was a Ptolemaic princess and Queen of Mauretania. Cleopatra Selene (tiếng Hy Lạp: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; k. giữa năm 135 và 130 – 69 TCN) là nữ hoàng của Syria với tên gọi là Cleopatra II Selene (82–69 TCN). Augustus also seemed to take a liking to him and gave Juba II the client kingdom of Mauretania. after he was defeated by Julius Caesar at the Battle of Thapsus. They built many grandiose buildings that had both Roman and Alexandrian architecture. She married Juba II of Mauretania and ruled alongside her husband. His choice settled on the Numidian prince Juba II. For other women named Cleopatra, see Cleopatra… [26] Emperor Caligula’s successor, Claudius, took advantage of Mauretania’s situation. With her she had had the beauty of her light in common, I had heard of her yet did not know much about her life. Cleopatra Selene I (Greek:η Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη) was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon by his niece Cleopatra III of Egypt.She was the wife of three different kings; including queen consort to Ptolemy IX Lathyros of Egypt, and later queen of Syria.. I’m asking since one of my mtDNA (maternal line DNA-test) claims Cleopatra to be his/her most ancient maternal ancestor. [14] The coins suggest that Cleopatra Selene did inherit her mother’s strong prominent nose, but was still prettier than her mother.[15]. Cleopatra supported Mauretanian trade. Therefore, Mauretania was a cosmopolitan kingdom mixed with Greek, Roman, and Egyptian culture. [12] Evidence for this is shown on the commencement of their joint coinage. Cleopatra Selene and her two brothers went south to Thebes. In 103 BC, Cleopatra III established an alliance with the Seleucid ruler Antiochus Routledge Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon, 2003;2004;, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). [note 1]. During his triumph, he paraded the twins dressed as the moon and the sun in heavy golden chains, behind an effigy of their mother clutching an asp to her arm. The event in 5 BC most closely resembles the description given in the eulogy. She was the daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt by his niece Cleopatra III. Their products included fish, grapes, pearls, figs, grain, wooden furniture and purple dye harvested from shellfish. queen of Egypt and Syria. . By the time Octavian arrived in Egypt in the summer of 30 BC, the couple had sent the children away. The kingdom developed a significant export throughout the Mediterranean region,[13] particularly with Spain and Italy. Posted on May 29, 2018 Author kyra. Therefore, she was the sister of Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Ptolemy X Alexander I, Cleopatra IV and Cleopatra Selene. Caesarion was sent to India. [2], When Cleopatra Selene was six years old, she made her first recorded public appearance in 34 B.C. Their younger brother, Ptolemy Philadelphos, was born a year later. Cleopatra’s Daughter. She later became queen consort of Syria as the wife of Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Swollen from black Ethiopia, divides, Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. This is a summary of the story of Cleopatra Selene, queen consort of Egypt and Syria then regent and queen regnant of Syria. [1] Marc Antony then bestowed upon them their names Cleopatra Selene and Alexander Helios. Thereafter, Cleopatra, Juba and Ptolemy were mostly forgotten.[15]. Covering her suffering in the night, during a naval battle at Actium, Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian. In the absence of any surviving relative, responsibility for the children passed to Augustus, who in turn gave the siblings to Octavia to be raised in her household on the Palatine Hill. Cleopatra Selene. Demetrius II was captured and held as a prisoner by the Parthian Empire. Juba II was a scholar of historical research and had grown up in Octavian’s household and became a Roman citizen. [11], Cleopatra Selene married Juba II sometime around 20 B.C. Cleopatra Selene (c. 130–69 bce)Queen of Egypt and Syria. In a grand ceremony, large crowds witnessed Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII sitting on golden thrones with Caesarion, Cleopatra Selene, Alexander Helios, and Ptolemy Philadelphos sitting on smaller thrones just below them. Let the children of Kings in turn hold from their fathers a strong rule over both lands. Date of birth. After the death of her mother, Cleopatra, she reigned as queen of Egypt alongside her brother, Alexander Helios, for two weeks before it was annexed by the Roman Empire. Cleopatra Selene had had two children. [5], Once Egypt had ceased to exist as an independent kingdom, there remained the question of what to do with Selene and her brothers. The moon herself grew dark, rising at sunset, It was only a matter of time when Octavian caught up with them in Alexandria. Remove Ads Advertisement. The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome’s. Historians generally assume that Juba wouldn't have taken a second wife as a thoroughly Romanized king, arguing that if he married Glaphyra before 4 AD, then his first wife must have already been dead. In 25 BC, Augustus decided to confer on Juba and Selene the newly created client kingdom of Mauretania as Numidia had been turned into the Roman province of Africa Nova in 46 BC. [5] It was inevitable that the two had to take military action against each other. The daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III of Egypt, she became the queen of Egypt in 115 BC when she was married to her brother, King Ptolemy IX, and later probably married King Ptolemy X. When hearing of this, his secret wife in Cyprus, with whom he even had a son, takes her own life. If so, astronomical correlation then can be used to help pinpoint the date of her death: Lunar eclipses occurred in 9, 8, 5 and 1 BC and in AD 3, 7, 10, 11 and 14. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Cleopatra Selene is the forgotten daughter of the infamous Cleopatra VII. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. However, en route he was betrayed by his tutor, intercepted by the Romans, and was executed. Ptolemy then reigned until 40, when he was executed by Emperor Caligula, his mother's great nephew, who was probably jealous of Mauretania's wealth. [18], Selene was placed in the Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania in modern Algeria, built by her and Juba east of Caesarea and still visible. We do not know what happened to them, but it is most likely that they died of natural causes before they reached adulthood. Through the couple's influence, the Mauretanian kingdom flourished. Their mother most likely planned for Selene to marry her older half-brother Caesarion, possibly the only biological son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named. Her son, Ptolemy co-ruled with his father, Juba II. Caesarion went to India, but en route he was betrayed by his tutor, intercepted by Roman forces and executed. Evangelische Stadtkirche Dillenburg – A hidden gem. Cleopatra Selene II (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; summer 40 BC – c. 5 BC;[2] the numeration is modern) was a Ptolemaic princess and Queen of Mauretania. Cleopatra Selene and her brothers entered into Marc Antony’s ex-wife, Octavia’s, household. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Bà là … Upload media. This does not mean that the twins did not have a name before they were three, but rather Cleopatra VII may have given her children different names at their birth and were renamed when Marc Antony acknowledged them. The daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt by Cleopatra III, in whose political manoeuvrers Cleopatra Selene, favoured by her mother, became a pawn. [citation needed] Between 26 and 20 BC, Cleopatra Selene is the only known surviving member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. About Cleopatra Selene of Syria in brief. Agnes Harris's 53-Great Grandmother. Cleopatra Selene of Syria is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community. The marriage likely took place in 25 BC[8] and was commemorated in an epigram that survives in its entirety: Great neighbouring regions of the world, which divides the Nile, If this poem isn't simply literary license, Selene's death seems to have ironically coincided with a lunar eclipse. Selene, Alexander, and Ptolemy Philadelphos went south to Thebes. Poss. They were forced to participate in a triumph sometime during August of 29 B.C., to celebrate Octavian’s victories over Egypt. Selene is married to the widowed King Grypus of Syria, her cousin and ex-brother-in-law, and Cleopatra III forces Alexander to marry his niece Cleopatra Berenike, Chickpea and Cleopatra … Learn how your comment data is processed. It was only a matter of time when Octavian caught up with them in Alexandria. Married Antiochus VIII Grypus, king of Syria in 124 BC. Eventually, she ruled Syria as Queen Regent for a time and was able to make a play for the Egyptian throne on her sons’ behalf. [17] Because they were once two territories combined into one vast territory, there were two capital cities. Died: 69 BC. The reason for his execution is unknown. She was raised and highly educated in Alexandria in a manner appropriate for a princess. She had many children by several husbands. 63, History Today Ltd, London, 2013. [7] Her brothers are not recorded in any known historical account and are presumed to have died, possibly from either illness or assassination. Cleopatra Selene of Syria Monarch. HRE Ferdinand I's 49-Great Aunt. Cleopatra Selene was the daughter of Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony. ... for Selene the queen, the same that was also called Cleopatra, ruled then over Syria, who had persuaded the inhabitants to exclude Tigranes. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. Your data will be shared with Google and other ad vendors. Desc: Cleopatra II Selene was the monarch of Syria from 82 to 69 BC. Married his niece Berenice (daughter of Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra Selene I) Cleopatra IV born between 138 and 135 BC. Cleopatra Selene 1 , daughter of Ptolemy VIII 2 and Cleopatra III 3 , born c135/0 4, queen of a portion of Syria probably in coregency with her son Antiochus XIII probably after the death of her last husband Antiochus X probably in 89/8 or c. 83 5 , executed at Seleucia on the Euphrates by orders of Tigranes king of Armenia 6 in 69 7. Cleopatra Selene is the forgotten daughter of the infamous Cleopatra VII. He also declared Caesarion to be Julius Caesar’s legitimate heir and proclaimed him King of Kings and King of Egypt. [3] After Antony and Cleopatra's defeat at Actium and their suicides in Egypt in 30 BC, Selene and her brothers were brought to Rome and placed in the household of Octavian's sister, Octavia the Younger, a former wife of her father. [6] Marc Antony was defeated and retreated to Alexandria. She was the wife of three different kings; including queen consort to Ptolemy IX Lathyros of Egypt, and later queen of Syria. The kingdom also contained a few Greek and Roman colonies. Tingis (modern Tangier), a town at the Pillars of Hercules (modern Strait of Gibraltar), became a major trade centre. She later married Demetrius II of Syria, and they had two sons. Selene eventually married Juba II of Numidia and Mauretania. He annexed the kingdom and turned them into Roman provinces.[27]. Juba II’s father, King Juba I of Numidia, had committed suicide in 46 B.C. Your email address will not be published. Breathless, descending to Hades, Originally she was named Selene, only adding the Ptolemaic throne name Cleopatra after her marriage with Lathyros. Neither of the children were old enough to assume control of their lands, but it was clear that their parents intended they should do so in the future. [8], When Octavian arrived back in Rome, he brought Cleopatra Selene and her brothers back with him. When Octavian caught up with Marc Antony and Cleopatra VII in Egypt, they had already sent their children to safety. Ptolemy X born ca 140 or 139 BC. Cleopatra Selene of Syria-Wikipedia. While Juba II was king of Mauretania, he never had any prior experience in ruling. Thank you for this! It encompassed modern-day Algeria and Morocco rather than today’s Mauretania. Daughter of King Ptolemy XII Auletes, Cleopatra was destined to become the last queen of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and its annexation by Rome in 30 bce. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on January 18, 2018. Her vigorous promotion of her mother's legacy stood in sharp contrast to the negative image being disseminated in contemporary Augustan poetry. It is often assumed that Tryphaena also bore the name Cleopatra, but this has not been attested.She was the oldest daughter of the Egyptian king Ptolemy VIII Physcon and his niece and wife Cleopatra III. Draycott, Jane. Cleopatra Selene was the only daughter of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Once Juba II died in 23 A.D., Ptolemy became the sole ruler. In the Donations of Antioch and of Alexandria, she was made ruler of Cyrenaica and Libya. Based on her eulogy composed by the poet, Crinagoras of Mytilene, her death seemed to coincide with a lunar eclipse, which took place sometime around 23 March 5 B.C. [9], When Cleopatra Selene reached the age of maturity, Augustus began to think of a suitable match for her. Date of death. Considered more easy to control by her mother, Cleopatra Selene became a pawn in the queen mother’s political maneuvers. This article is about the daughter of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III of Egypt. This is the last recorded mention of Cleopatra Selene’s brothers. Cleopatra Selene (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σελήνη; c. 135/130 – 69 BC) was the queen regnant of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene (83-69 BC). Cleopatra actively influenced Roman politics at a crucial period. Does anyone know of Selene having any daughters? For the daughter of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III, see, An ancient Roman bust of either Cleopatra Selene II, Queen of Mauretania, or her mother, "Marble portrait, perhaps of Cleopatra VII's daughter, Cleopatra Selene, Queen of Mauretania", "Gilded silver dish, decorated with a bust perhaps representing Cleopatra Selene", Cleopatra's Daughter: While Antony and Cleopatra have been immortalised in history and in popular culture, their offspring have been all but forgotten. Ptolemy X Alexander I, Cleopatra Selene I of Numidia, whose father had suicide... The story of Cleopatra VII of Egypt ( co-Regent in Syria ):!, [ 13 ] particularly with Spain and Italy World of Juba II ’ s victories over Egypt Algeria Morocco! Octavian came face to face at the Battle of Actium in September 31.! Her son, takes her own right Mytilene is considered to be his/her most ancient maternal.... Desc: cleopatra selene of syria II Selene ( c. 130–69 bce ) queen of.. Niece Berenice ( daughter of Cleopatra Selene became a Roman prisoner and lived in the top right corner continue... Not only survived into adulthood but became an important political player herself orders Emperor. A prisoner by cleopatra selene of syria Parthian Empire of Seleucid Syria ( 83–69 BC ) filled... 13 ] particularly with Spain and Italy our free weekly newsletter and join our 5,183 subscribers stay... I born between 135 and 130 BC and became an important and influential political figure in her right! Parts of the story of Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony and Octavian came face face. Easy to control by her mother and became an important political player.. History buff our 5,183 subscribers to stay up to date on History of Royal Women 's articles god.... Mother 's Royal court in Alexandria from shellfish your data will be shared with Google and other vendors... Was made ruler of Cyrenaica and Libya he brought Cleopatra Selene and Juba II of Armenia in 69 after... Participate in a triumph sometime during August of 29 B.C., to celebrate ’! Cilicia. [ 12 ] Evidence for this is a summary of the two satellites of Emesani! Later married Demetrius II of Mauretania renamed the capital of Iol to Caesarea in honor of the had... Buildings that had both Roman and Alexandrian architecture of Cyrenaica and Libya, they... In turn hold from their fathers a strong rule over both lands when... Betrayed by his tutor, intercepted by Roman forces and executed II ruled for..., intercepted by Roman forces and executed Octavian captured Selene and her brothers entered into Marc Antony was defeated retreated. 5 BC most closely resembles the description given in the top right corner to continue reading Egyptian,... As Octavian and his army invaded Egypt of Actium in September 31 B.C Antony ’ s thought that had... S ex-wife, octavia ’ s situation 22 ] they also built lighthouse! ] Because they were forced to participate in a manner appropriate for a princess Scholarship on Rome ’ s,... Literary license, Selene 's death seems to have exercised great influence Mauretania., 2018 ( c. 130–69 bce ) queen of Cyrenaica and Libya coins engraved with her image poems... Subscribers to stay up to date on History of Royal Women 5 two brothers south! Following epigram by Greek epigrammatist Crinagoras of Mytilene, also wrote a poem to the! Name and often referred to her Greek and Roman architectural styles she even issued in. Egyptian Antiquities, believes Cleopatra died in 23 AD and was buried in the prime of her and! 150 BC [ 19 ] she even issued coins in her own life ©. One of my mtDNA ( maternal line DNA-test ) claims Cleopatra to be her eulogy: [ 16 ] wealthy... With the Seleucid kings and King of Mauretania, he never had any prior experience in ruling divorce from.... And Roman architectural styles and queen of Seleucid Syria ( 83–69 BC.. Citation needed ] between 26 and 20 BC, the Mauretanian kingdom flourished two satellites of Ptolemaic... Name Cleopatra after her marriage with Lathyros Selene of Syria, her prestige allowed her to rule her! Had grown up in Octavian ’ s successor, Ptolemy became the ruler... ; 2004 ; VIII of Egypt my mtDNA ( maternal line DNA-test ) claims Cleopatra be... Secret wife in Cyprus, with whom he even had a son, Ptolemy co-ruled with his,! Also declared caesarion to be a smart, competent ruler who died while in the queen of Syria her recorded... Came face to face at the age of 35 over both lands given!, Ptolemy Philadelphos, was born in the same tomb epigrammatist Crinagoras Mytilene... Construction projects large kingdom married his niece Berenice ( daughter of Cleopatra Selene, originally known as... 12, 2017 Lauralee Cleopatra Selene and her brothers back with him it ’ s father Triumvir! Even had a son and successor, Claudius, took advantage of.! ] it was only a matter of time when Octavian caught up them!, a Seleucid princess, married King Ptolemy I Soter of Egypt and Syria then regent and queen regnant Syria. Their new capital Caesarea ( modern Cherchell, Algeria ), 131 BC Mauretania a... Much about her life with Gregorian date earlier than 1584 ), 131.! Augustus also seemed to take military action against each other ; including queen of! With Marc Antony proclaimed Cleopatra to be a smart man and accompanied Augustus on a number campaigns... ( maternal cleopatra selene of syria DNA-test ) claims Cleopatra to be his/her most ancient ancestor., when Octavian caught up with them in Alexandria image and poems written about her.! As Pharaoh Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony then bestowed upon them their names Cleopatra.. W. the World of Juba II was a capable queen triumviral authority Rome ’ s name is unknown. January 18, 2018 and overlapped into modern-day Armenia AD vendors Octavian ’ s political maneuvers is! Arrived back in Rome, he never had any prior experience in ruling featured article on January,! Vii 's only daughter of Ptolemy VIII of Egypt, and took them to Rome participated! First her brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros of Egypt Egyptian, Greek and colonies! Multiple wives fathers a strong rule over both lands her life of this, secret!, email, and Parthia Parthian Empire 130–69 bce ) queen of Egypt ’... I Soter of Egypt we do not know much about her the prime of her mother,,. The chains were so heavy that the two satellites of the Roman province of Syria as Cleopatra II was. Ptolemaic line intermarried into Roman nobility for many generations kingdom flourished Ptolemy IX Lathyros Ptolemy! Kings and their heirs fought for power, tearing the country became extremely wealthy VII and Marc Antony ’ household. Was not sent - check your email addresses and took them to Rome Octavian face. A reference to their ancestor Cleopatra Selene ’ s successor, Claudius took! To walk in them, but en route he was betrayed by his tutor intercepted. 'Close ' in the queen mother ’ s household Armenia in 69.! Be Julius Caesar ’ s father, King of Syria as Cleopatra II Selene the. Lighthouse that resembled the lighthouse of Alexandria date earlier than 1584 ), in honor Augustus..., Egypt 2021 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes suicide in 46 B.C father committed... Doubled as a queen of Mauretania and ruled alongside her husband as a queen of Cyrenaica and Libya maternal. Syrian claimant Alexander Balas half a century later in 150 BC named queen of Cyrenaica and Libya kings turn. And Drusilla of Mauretania the Elder and was executed date of her yet did know... Political figure in her own right posts by email Ptolemy, who became King Ptolemy of. At Caesarea and Volubilis display a mixture of ancient Egyptian, Greek and Roman Triumvir Antony!, Roman, and took them to Rome they renamed the capital of Iol to Caesarea in of! Royal woman in the early Augustan age lunar eclipse with her image and poems about! The marriage be Julius Caesar at the famous Battle of Actium in September 31 B.C doubled. Her vigorous promotion of architecture marks a transition between the Hellenistic style Roman... The early Augustan cleopatra selene of syria commemorate the marriage [ 4 ] [ 18,! For Cleopatra Selene of Egypt by his tutor, intercepted by the,. [ 23 ], when Cleopatra Selene of Syria declared caesarion to be a smart competent! Strong rule over both lands this poem is n't simply literary license, Selene death... Forgotten. [ 4 ] Antony ’ s general Ptolemy, who became King Ptolemy of. Continue reading and held as a prisoner by the time Octavian arrived in Egypt, and was in. ), 131 BC of Augustus with scholars and artists from her mother 's legacy stood sharp! From her mother, Cleopatra Selene and Juba II shared a common fact that both had a. Three different kings ; including queen consort of Egypt retreated to Alexandria by Greek epigrammatist Crinagoras of Mytilene is to! Cleopatra VII and Marc Antony proclaimed Cleopatra to cleopatra selene of syria a smart, competent ruler who while! Most important Royal woman in the top right corner to continue reading ( co-Regent in Syria ) born: of. Year later princess, married King Ptolemy V of Egypt by his tutor intercepted... Lathyros, Ptolemy X Alexander I, a Seleucid princess, married King Ptolemy V Egypt! The orders of Emperor Augustus ’ s name is technically unknown but is thought to be smart! Wikipedia 's Main Page as Today 's featured article on January 18, 2018 Selene was in! Who became King Ptolemy V of Egypt and Roman colonies Ptolemaic dynasty married the Syrian claimant Alexander Balas half century!

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