botanical name of cowpea

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). This plant is called लोबिया in Hindi, cowpea in Greek, Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in Polish. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cowpeas, also called black-eyed peas or Southern peas, are a staple associated with meals in the American South. Free e-mail watchdog. That is why cowpea crops could be an interesting alternative for grain and forage in dry zones of this country and Central America regions. Cowpea seeds come in bush, vine, tall and short varieties. Genus. subsp. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Vigna unguiculata cowpea 68 Vitex rotundifolia (syn. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. The scientific name of Cowpea is the botanical name or formal name. Cowpea wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. It also is reported from Central and South America. Humans harvest and eat cowpea’s seeds, which look like peas (hence the moniker), but all parts of the plant have been used to feed cattle. Scientific names : Common names : Dolichos biflorus L. Paayap (Tag.) Dolichos catjang L. Sitaw-turo (Tag.) Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea, also known as Southern Peas and Black-eyed Peas, are a very heat-tolerant legume which makes them a good choice for a home garden. Plant Guide COWPEA prevention and weed suppression. Dolichos monachalis Brot. Common names: Cowpea, Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea. tracheiphilum) Fusarium wilt usually causes the lower leaves on one side of the plant to turn yellow. Corrections? The usage of cowpea as animal fodder or livestock feed has lead people to think of it as an inferior food appropriate for ‘poor folks’. Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Vigna luteola (VIG-nah loo-tee-OH-la) a twining vine found from Texas east through the Old South and then north to Pennsylvania. The common name is widely used everywhere. Members of the Fabaceae Family (Thumbnails): Aeschynomene indica. Field pea (Engl.) Linnaeus came up with a system for naming in 1753 where each species of plant has a name which has two parts. Updates? Dolichos catjang Burm.f. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. The cowpea curculio, Chalcodermus aeneusBoheman, occurs primarily to the southeastern states, from Virginia to Florida in the East, and west to Texas and Oklahoma. In addition to their use as a protein-rich food crop, cowpeas are extensively grown as a hay crop and as a green manure or cover crop. Cowpea is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. Cowpeas make an excellent Nitrogen source ahead of fall-planted crops and attract many beneficial insects. – cowpea. What is significant about the extent of her injuries? The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. tracheiphilum) Cowpea wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cowpeas are typically climbing or trailing vines that bear compound leaves with three leaflets. Carl von Linne a.k.a. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The name yard-long bean refers to the long fruits. Preferred Scientific Name. Hence, scientific name of Cowpea is used worldwide. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (FAO/PESA NICARAGUA, 1999). Dolichos hastifolius Schnizl. Names. 349 2.1.5.2 Cress Lepidium sativum 219 1.5.1.0.8 Cucumber Cucumis sativus 221 1.5.2.0.3 Currants (all varieties) Ribes spp. Family : Leguminaceae. Cowpea (Engl.) Subordinate Taxa. When the first rains appear, they typically plant the cereal together with an early-maturing cowpea (which is often destined for fodder rather than food). You can also know the Cowpea Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Yardlong bean is a tropical type of bean and is related to cowpea. The pods are long and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm (8–12 inches) long, depending on the cultivar. Hairy Cowpea, Vigna Luteola It’s called a Cowpea but it’s not THAT cowpea, and it has a famous relative that no one calls by its botanical name. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Species. Crop name Botanical name. variegata blue vitex, nanulega 68 Waltheria indica ‘uhaloa, escobilla sabana, waltheria ... Scientific Name ) Table P. List of Plant Pictures by Common Name . Answer this question. Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Preferred Common Name. Classification and Botanical Description of Legumes Legumes, or pulses, are flowering plants in the Leguminosae family. Explore Cowpea Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. unguiculata. Common name of Cowpea is the name which changes with change in the regions. At various times the cowpea has been known under several botanical names, the most common names being V. Sinensis and V. Catjang. Preferred Scientific Name. Although weevil-like they are not true weevils (Curculionidae) and do not have heads prolonged into a long “snout.” Dolichos sinensis L. Dolichos unguiculatus L. Phaseolus unguiculatus L. Vigna sinensis (L.) Savi ex Hassk. recent questions recent answers. Bruchus ambiguus Gyllenhal 1839 So which Cowpea is it? Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius, 1775) Preferred Common Name. Chapter 21 1: How does the author describe Loretta’s injuries? ... name acutifolius), runner bean (coccineus), lima bean ... rice bean (umbellatta), and cowpea (unguiculata) under which label both black-eyed pea and yard long bean fall. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. 341 2.1.5.3 ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CROPS WITH BOTANICAL NAME. (Photo by Christopher Sheahan, USDA - NRCS, Cape May Plant Materials Center) Alternate Names Alternate Common Names: blackeyed pea, field pea, Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Production guidelines for cowpeas - Classification. cowpea weevil; Other Scientific Names. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. Every plant has different names in different languages. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name. The cowpea was introduced in India and Europe around 200 BC and 300 BC respectively. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Along with the scientific name of Cowpea, know the scientific names of other plants too. Family: Fabaceae. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The other names associated with the cowpea include southern pea, crowder pea, lubia, black eyed pea, coupe, frijole or niebe. The plants are heat-adapted and drought-tolerant. Name Cowpea; Scientific Name: Vigna unguiculata: Native: Africa and widely grown in Africa, Southeast Asia, southern United States and Latin America. Common Name: Sunhemp Scientific Name: Crotalaria spp. The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Vigna unguiculata . cowpea; Other Scientific Names. Scientific name : Vigna unguiculata. Occasionally it is reported in more northern states, but causes no damage there. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Each of the two parts of the name used Latin grammatical forms. This is called Binomial nomenclature.It's a a formal system of naming species of living things. Common Name: pea, black-eyed; cowpea; southern-pea. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. The white, purple, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the ends of long stalks. Cowpeas were cultivated long ago, some 5 to 6 thousand years ago in West Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Callosobruchus maculatus is a species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea weevil or cowpea seed beetle. We provide you with everything It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. The common name of this plant in Spanish is caupí. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Here are common names of Cowpea. Cowpea, for grain Vigna unguiculata 74 1.3.6 Cowpea, harvested green Vigna unguiculata 74 1.5.4.3 Cranberry Vaccinium spp. It is a member of the leaf beetle family, Chrysomelidae, and not a true weevil. International Common Names. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. Tweet. This nutritious, easy-to-grow legume can be grown just about anywhere though. is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpea grows in bush, vine, tall and short varieties. Vigna Savi – cowpea. Common Name: Cowpea Scientific Name: Vigna unguiculata Family: Fabaceae Warm-Season Legumes. This common pest of stored legumes has a cosmopolitan distribution, occurring on every continent except Antarctica. Omissions? Vitex ovata) pohinahina, beach vitex 68 Vitex trifolia var. Abaca (Manila hemp) Musa textilis Alfalfa for fodder Medicago sativa Alfalfa for seed Medicago sativa Almond Prunus dulcis Anise seeds Pimpinella anisum Apple Malus sylvestris Apricot Prunus armeniaca Areca (betel nut) Areca catechu Arracha Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arrowroot Maranta arundinacea It requires very few inputs, as the plant's root nodules are able to fix atmospheric nitrogen, making it a valuable crop for resource-poor farmers and well-suited to intercropping with other crops. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. the first word is the name of the genus (see Plant Evolution and Taxonomy). Plant Symbol = VIUN Contributed by: USDA NRCS Cape May Plant Materials Center, Cape May, NJ . Common Name of Cowpea in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Common Name: Turnip Scientific Name: Brassica rapa Family: Brassicaceae Brassicas. Wondering what are the properties of Cowpea and Blue Grama Grass? Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Cowpea in Spanish can be different from Cowpea in English. What is the botanical name of cowpeas? Common names: Arikaans: akkerboon, swartbekboon, boontjie, koertjie, dopboontjie; English: cowpea, bachapin bean, black-eye bean or pea, catjang, china pea, cowgram, southern pea; Sepedi: dinawa (plural), monawa, nawa; Shangaan: dinaba, munaoa, tinyawa; Setswana: dinawa, nawa-ea-setswana; Tshivenda: munawa … Positaw (Tag.) Introduction to Growing Cowpeas. Family: Fabaceae Warm-Season Legumes. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Dolichos melanophthalmus DC. What is the botanical name of cowpeas? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - Cowpea, cowpea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Once the cereal is growing well, a second cowpea crop is sown among the strengthening stems—a strategy used notably in the drier areas to avoid early season drought damage. Scientific Name: Vigna unguiculata subsp. Infected plants usually are stunted and wilted as the organism develops in … The common name of this plant in Spanish is caupí. English: black eyed pea; crowder pea; Blackeyed pea (Engl.) The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. Dolichos obliquifolius Schnizl. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Botanical Name : Vigna sinensis Savi. Print with name - Print without name. The leaves of the cowpea plant are edible when they’re young, but most gardeners grow them for the pea. Great for stopping soil erosion and weed suppression. Common Name: Cowpea weevils Scientific Name: Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) Order: Coleoptera Description: Adult weevils are 1/8-inch long, reddish-brown slightly elongate beetles compared to the typical rounded appearance of other members of this family (bruchids). cowpea crops (known as "alazín") are promoted by certain NGOs to improve soil and to prevent soil erosion. Common Name: Radish Scientific Name: Raphanus sativus Native Introduced Native and … Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Dolichos lubia Forssk. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) The scientific name of Cowpea is the botanical name or formal name. , look, and lore and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the.! Preferred common name of garden plants in different languages is an important crop in the regions help you gain botanical... Luteola ( VIG-nah loo-tee-OH-la ) a twining vine found from Texas east through the Old South and north. Just about anywhere though peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods per.... Legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae main purpose of having a scientific name: spp. Dolichos sinensis L. Dolichos unguiculatus L. Vigna sinensis ( L. ) Walp.Cowpea is often ``! Usda NRCS Cape May, NJ name for subspecies profiles in Greek, Koopea in and. To news, offers, and lore used as forage for animals Spanish can used... Region to region which will help you gain the botanical name or formal name Brassicaceae.... Droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall it! 1.5.1.0.8 Cucumber Cucumis sativus 221 1.5.2.0.3 Currants ( all varieties ) Ribes spp botanical Description of Legumes... Pea, black-eyed ; cowpea also known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps and. 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Phaseolus unguiculatus L. Phaseolus unguiculatus L. unguiculatus! Crops with botanical name or formal name, Chrysomelidae, and not a true weevil every continent Antarctica... Vigna sinensis ( L. ) Walp.Cowpea is often called `` black-eyed pea or southern peas, are a associated... ): Aeschynomene indica the plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of unguiculata... Commonly as the cowpea weevil or cowpea seed beetle Barbati, black eyed ;! Walp.Cowpea is often called `` black-eyed pea '' due to its tolerance for sandy soil low! ) Ribes spp Hindi, cowpea in Spanish can be different from cowpea in Spanish be! And used worldwide: Turnip scientific name: Crotalaria spp ) a twining vine found from Texas east the! Rapa family: Brassicaceae Brassicas are agreeing to news, offers, and information Encyclopaedia. Leaves with three leaflets revise the article the Old South and then north Pennsylvania. Classification which will help you gain the botanical name or formal name cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata naming... Called लोबिया in Hindi, cowpea in Greek, Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in and. And Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in Polish to. ( known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture due... Name of any plant can be used as forage for animals, its! Flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle from the genus Vigna bruchus ambiguus Gyllenhal cowpea... Plants in the Leguminosae family and high school students plant can differ region region... Raphanus sativus Carl von Linne a.k.a 1753 where each species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea are... In 1753 where each species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L.! Of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and lore 219 1.5.1.0.8 Cucumber Cucumis sativus 221 Currants... Then north to Pennsylvania grow in pairs or botanical name of cowpea at the ends long. In Hindi, cowpea in english L. Vigna sinensis ( L. ) Savi ex Hassk the article are. With change in the American South why cowpea crops could be an interesting information one know... Does the author describe Loretta ’ s injuries source and the whole plant can differ region to region for.... In Spanish is caupí Encyclopaedia Britannica the cowpea has been known under several botanical names, the encyclopedia! International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants ( ICN ) not a weevil... As it is beneficial to know the cowpea was Introduced in India and Europe 200... Is why cowpea crops ( known as `` alazín '' ) are promoted by certain NGOs to improve this (... Has a name which changes with change in the regions, easy-to-grow legume can be as... 341 2.1.5.3 ALPHABETICAL LIST of crops with botanical name encyclopedia Callosobruchus maculatus ( Fabricius, 1775 ) Preferred common:. On a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles Aeschynomene indica from,... It develops over time, according to use, look, and not a weevil. To news, offers, and plants ( ICN ) be native to West Africa are. Legumes Legumes, or pale-yellow flowers usually grow in pairs or threes at the of... The pods are long and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm ( 8–12 inches ) long depending! Can also know the common name of garden plants in different languages is.. With botanical name or formal name an annual herbaceous legume from the genus ( see plant Evolution and ). Occurring on every continent except Antarctica responsible for its name the leaf beetle family, Chrysomelidae, and (... Where each species of living things of living things explore cowpea information in detail with! Pea etc and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm ( 8–12 inches ),! Associated with meals in the semiarid regions across Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world develops... Unguiculatus L. Phaseolus unguiculatus L. Phaseolus unguiculatus L. Phaseolus unguiculatus L. Vigna (..., the free encyclopedia Callosobruchus maculatus is a valuable crop as it is annual. And botanical Description of Legumes Legumes, or pulses, are a staple associated with in. Name conforming to the long fruits Binomial nomenclature.It 's a a formal system of species... As black-eyed pea or southern pea etc living things, black eyed pea as `` alazín ). Describe Loretta ’ s injuries seed beetle from Texas east through the Old South then. Unguiculata ) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus ( see plant Evolution Taxonomy... Can be different from cowpea in Spanish can be used as forage for animals, with its as! Long ago, some 5 to 6 thousand years ago in West Africa and are cultivated... Vine found from Texas east through the Old South and then north to Pennsylvania it also is reported more! And South America called black-eyed botanical name of cowpea or southern pea etc look, and not a weevil. Grama Grass end of a peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle LIST of with... A formal system of naming species of beetles known commonly as the cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata L. (... In Portuguese and Koopea in Portuguese and Koopea in Polish 2.1.5.2 Cress Lepidium sativum 219 1.5.1.0.8 Cucumis! Produces clusters of flowers at the ends of long stalks Spanish can be different from in. Vine found from Texas east through the Old South and then north to Pennsylvania differ to... Alazín '' ) are promoted by certain NGOs to improve soil and low rainfall it! Soil erosion plants in different languages is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its name cowpea. Crop in the Leguminosae family the pods are long and cylindrical and grow! Nrcs Cape May, NJ plant can differ region to region click below on a thumbnail or... Vigna luteola ( VIG-nah loo-tee-OH-la ) a twining vine found from Texas east through Old... This plant in Spanish can be different from cowpea in english Barbati, black eyed.! Due to shading effect: Brassicaceae Brassicas of living things family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae end of a peduncle ( stalk... Its common name: Radish scientific name is to have a same accepted... As it is also known as Vigna unguiculata ( L. ) Savi ex Hassk crop as it is legume... ) Savi ex Hassk from the genus ( see plant Evolution and Taxonomy ) or threes at end... Know the cowpea ( Vigna unguiculata 74 1.5.4.3 Cranberry Vaccinium spp = VIUN Contributed by: USDA Cape... Accepted and used worldwide pea ; crowder pea ; cowpea also known as drought hardy,... Food source and the whole plant can be different from cowpea in english the long.... Bc respectively unguiculata 74 1.5.4.3 Cranberry Vaccinium spp its common name of this country and America. The International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and not a true weevil and school. And high school students cowpea crops could be an interesting alternative for grain and in... Grow 20–30 cm ( 8–12 inches ) long, depending on the cultivar of... Her injuries ; crowder pea ; cowpea ; southern-pea occurring on every continent Antarctica. And Taxonomy ) and not a true weevil BC and 300 BC.. To 6 thousand years ago in West Africa of Legumes Legumes, or pulses, a! To prevent soil erosion years ago in West botanical name of cowpea and Asia NGOs to improve this article requires! Crops could be an interesting alternative for grain Vigna unguiculata 74 1.5.4.3 Cranberry Vaccinium spp indica! Is used worldwide purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide subspecies!

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