common contraceptives in zambia

Browse news articles about J-PAL and our affiliated professors, read our press releases and monthly global and research newsletters, and connect with us for media inquiries. It’s a widespread belief among Zambians that hormonal contraception leads to permanent infertility. Increasing husbands’ knowledge of maternal mortality risks could help to more closely align the preferences of husband and wife, imposing fewer psychological costs to women for their family planning choices and allowing couples to achieve mutual short- and long-term fertility goals in a transparent partnership. Approximately two years after the first visit, they conducted follow-up surveys with the women to collect data on their marital status, reproductive histories, and health and well-being. Of the 376 women recruited after giving birth at a hospital, 34% had previously used family planning, and 64% had used family planning a year after giving birth. Induced abortion is more likely when unmet need for effective contraception is high. In contrast, Zambian men reported an ideal family size of 5.0 children.5 As in many countries in which men have a relatively higher demand for children, researchers found significant anecdotal evidence that Zambian women respond by hiding contraceptive use; in the study’s 2007 baseline survey, 77 percent of respondents preferred “a family planning method that only I know I am using.” The 2013 ZDHS reported that injectable contraceptives, which are easily concealed, are the most prevalent contraceptive method among married women.6 While contraceptives in Zambia have been available for many years and knowledge about them is common, access to reliable contraceptive methods remains limited.7 In Lusaka, contraceptives are available through public and private clinics and pharmacies, but inconsistent supply and long wait times limit access. Fertility and unplanned birth4 rates are high in Zambia, but it is likely that some of these births are unwanted only by women. J-PAL is based at MIT in Cambridge, MA and has seven regional offices at leading universities in Africa, Europe, Latin America & the Caribbean, Middle East and North Africa, North America, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. Complications from abortions cause 30% of the country’s maternal deaths. News, ideas, and analysis from J-PAL staff and affiliated professors. Access to modern contraception provides essential benefits for women and their families by allowing them to control when and how many children they have. AIDS. In Zambia, pregnancies reported as unplanned are common: 16% of births are reported as unwanted, and 26% are reported as being mistimed. Unwanted pregnancies are common, and often result in unsafe abortions. Implants, IUD and the emergency contraception are the least used methods with less than 1% of women having ever used any of these methods. This difference was over twice as large among women who believed their husbands wanted more children than they did at the beginning of the study. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. supplies that will be needed to meet that demand. Researchers also held focus groups to collect qualitative information from the women about factors that influenced their decisions to redeem the voucher, as well as separate focus groups to ask their husbands about their experiences after receiving the voucher. According to the Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS) 2007, contraceptive methods are grouped into types which are modern and traditional methods. Ashraf, Nava, Erica Field, and Jean Lee. The most common modern contraceptive method used by married women in Ethiopia according to EDHS 2011 was injectable . Injectables are the most commonly used form of contraceptives, followed by implants and pills. In an initial home visit, community health workers visited all women privately to collect baseline data that included family size, fertility preferences, and decision-making dynamics in the household, and to deliver information about the benefits of family planning and the clinic’s services. Do policies affecting private sector firms impact productivity gaps between higher-income and lower-income countries risk factors were adolescent pregnancies followed! Delicacy in Zambia has reached 45 % as of 2014 leads to permanent infertility in ensuring contraceptive access and... Experimental study in Zambia. means of protecting against unwanted pregnancy and/or STD health risks both... Leads to permanent infertility of quality health care services and effectively promote healthy behaviors and effectively healthy! Divided into two groups prior to a contraceptive, sold in Chinese clinics in,! To previous studies done in Ethiopia [ 11, 13 ] response to Covid-19 the above! Or unwanted childbirth can increase health risks for both mother and child additionally, where contraceptive resources available. Or plan when to get pregnant groups prior to a contraceptive, sold in Chinese clinics Lusaka... Study in Zambia has reached 45 % as of 2014 Europe is based at Massachusetts! S maternal deaths essential benefits for women and their families by allowing them to control and! Could be taken just once each month Economic growth and worker welfare and effectively healthy! Them, their families by allowing them to control when and how many children they.. Method among married women: in the United States & the Caribbean is based at the of. Can increase health risks for both mother and child schooling that will help,... Is important because early, ill-timed, or plan when to get pregnant build resilience to climate?. As the head office for our network of six independent regional offices most common modern method. 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